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Conservation Facts

Population: 448.569
Total Area: 2.586 km2
Population density: 173 per km2
Protected Area: 14%
National Parks: 3
Largest Nature reserve: Parc Naturel de la Moselle

Resident Photographers:

Visiting Photographers:

Jesper Tønning

Luxembourg Galleries

Nature doesn’t have much room to really show off in Luxembourg – one of the smallest countries in Europe with just over 2.500 km2. However, here and there nature enthusiasts will find small gems, cute places, tucked away between forests and rivers, but nonetheless worthwhile exploring.


A good starting point to catch a glimpse of the country’s natural beauty is the Mullerthal; also called “La Petite Suisse Luxembourgeoise”. The comparison to Switzerland may seem a little far fetched, but the forested hills of the area around the villages of Echternach, Consdorf, Berdorf and in the valley of the lower river Sauer are famous for their impressive rock formations, a paradise for hikers.
Botanists praise the fairy-tale landscape of caves and stone domes for their unique flora: mosses, lichen and ferns are abundant, some of them, like the filmy fern species Hymenophyllum tunbridgense – which can only be found in Alsace, here in the Mullerthal and – as the scientific name suggests – in southern England around the city of Tunbridge Wells.
Deciduous forests like in the Mullerthal are a habitat for the wild cat, pine marten, woodpeckers and a large variety of forest breeding birds, among them also the Black Stork that first bred in the country in 1993 and has a stable population of 5 – 8 pairs since then.
220 of the 285 bird species that have been recorded in the country have been recorded on and around the Remerschen Gravel pits in the valley of the river Moselle. Here also White-Tailed Sea eagles and ospreys have been observed more and more frequently in the past ten years.
At the border with Germany, close to the Eiffel and the Ardennes on the Belgian side, creeks and small rivers like the Our are habitats for the river otter, dippers and kingfishers. The rarely seen Hazel grouse breeds in the neighbouring forests.
Looking at important habitats for nature on a European scale, the open iron-ore deposits, the “Minette”, in the country’s Southwest are something special: once the starting point for economic growth they are now abandoned and silently turned into second-hand nature providing shelter for several species of orchids and birds like stonechat and woodlark.