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Conservation Facts

Population: 767.314
Total Area: 9.250 km2
Population density: 83 per km2
Protected Area: 0.04%
National Parks: 1
Largest Nature reserve: Akamas National Park 230 km2

Resident Photographers:

Visiting Photographers:

Peter Lilja

Cyprus Galleries

As so many other islands in the Mediterranean, Cyprus struggles to find a healthy balance between is mystic history, its wonderful natural assets and the pressure and benefits opposed to them by a flood of tourists. The good news is that a lot of the island’s beauty is still there to be explored and enjoyed.

9250 km 2 rose from the sea after several volcanic eruptions and water, wind and sand shaped them into a stepping stone in the triangle of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Due to its long isolation many endemic species evolved most of which can be found in the kingdom of plants. Cyprus’s Mediterranean forest ecosystem alone holds more than 125 endemics, among them the endangered Cyprus cedar and Cyprus oak.
A stunning variety of habitats from between sea level to altitudes of 2,000 m make for a total of 1,750 plants recorded for the Mediterranean’s third biggest island. Especially rich is the Troodos range with 87 endemic plants. The list also includes species of tulip, crocus and cyclamen, which cannot be found elsewhere on earth.

Although Cyprus has a reputation to be a great birding spot – 379 species have been recorded so far – only 50 of these are actually breeding. Two species are endemic to the island, the Cyprus Wheatear and Cyprus Warbler. Illegal trapping and poaching of songbirds during the fall and winter migration is still a big issue on the island and at this time no change of policy seems to be in sight that would ban these practises.

On the other hand, man also had a positive influence on the development of nature on the island: A former bombing range of the Royal Air Force, the beaches and inland of the Akamas peninsula in the West remained almost undisturbed for decades. One effect being that some of the most precious turtle nesting beaches of Cyprus can be found in the area.

So, for your next beach holiday on Aphrodite’s beloved island make sure you explore nature along one of the many hiking trails that reveal the cypriot bouquet of amazing flowers, plants and wildlife to you on a silver plate.