Mission Gallery - Country Map

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Conservation Facts

Population: 31.987
Total Area: 2 km2
Population density: 16.000 per km2
Protected Area: 5%
Marine Reserves: 2
Wetlands: 1
Largest Marine Reserve: Larvotto Marine Reserve 0.5 km2

Resident Photographers:

Visiting Photographers:

Franco Banfi

Monaco Galleries

How much nature and wildlife can there be in the 2nd smallest state in the world? On a tiny square of just 2 by 2 km, occupied by a human population of 32.000? Not much, to be honest. But as always, urban nature will reward you with unexpected discoveries if you take your time - and a closer look.

The Principality and especially the family Grimaldi has a long history not only for extending Monaco’s territory into the sea, but also for actively promoting and supporting the protection of the marine environment; in Monaco and beyond. Most tourists won’t know that just outside the fashionable beach of Larvotto the “Réserve Sous-Marine de Monaco” marks the state’s biggest nature reserve. Its rich underwater fauna got a boost after an artificial reef built by Monegasque school kids was submerged in the reserve in 2007 and soon attracted new species. Divers can observe typical characters of the Mediterranean: groupers, moray eels, nudibranchs, a growing reef with the fantastic Red Coral (Posidonia oceanica) and even sea-horses which are more commonly seen in the reserve since a few years now.
But you don’t need to go underwater to make exiting wildlife observations. An ornithological survey in spring 2010 delivered two big surprises: a pair of peregrine falcons raised three young in the cliff overlooking the port of Fontvieille and several pairs of the not so common Mediterranean sub-species of the Crested cormorant or Shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmaresti) – also a new discovery for the bird fauna of the Principality.
In addition to the Prince Albert II Foundation’s support of the neighbouring national parks, Mercantour and Alpe Marittimi, the Monegasque government is working hard to maintain the green spaces of their own premises. Especially the famous gardens are worthwhile a visit and a closer look. They harbour not only a stunning diversity of exotic but also of typical Mediterranean plant species and plenty of pollinating insects and birds.